Excavation process

The Antiquities is one among the divisions within the Department of Museums and Antiquities, responsible for conserve, presentation and develop historical sites that have been protected legally under the 2002 Act no. 11, which wrote in 2003 There are 85 sites, including Historical Caves protected by law.
Roles are as follows.

a) To initiate, to develop and to review policy and cultural heritage law.
b) Collecting, documenting and conserving architectural heritage including traditional structure.
c) Co-ordinating and performing archaeological research and related activities.
d) Issuing permits to local and foreign researchers for excavation and collections of objects.
e) Among the division of antiquities role is to conduct archaeological research. The sites which excavation took place
are old town of Unguja Ukuu, Machaga caves, (Pete), Kuumbi (Jambiani), Mwannampambe (Makunduchi), Haroun Ruins at (Chwaka), Ras mkumbuu (Chake chake) At recently, our experts work together with experts from University of Dar es salaam did research at the Kiwengwa cave whereby many objects were collected and now there are in the process of analysis.
From that research artefacts were recovered. Some of the findings helped to understand importance of historical information ancient of Zanzibar history and its development. For example the oldest city of east African coast of Unguja Ukuu which started in 500 A.D. and the Zanzibar history started since 20,000 ago before Christ.

1) Approving proposals related to restoration, rehabilitation, documentation of historical monuments and sites
2) Advising the Department, Government and other stake holder on research and conservation issues related to cultural heritage and Historical sites.
3) 85 historical sites in Unguja and Pemba have been gazetted under the legal Act. Among of the sites in Unguja are Khole Ruins, Beit el Ajaib, Changuu Island, Chapwani Island, Chumbe Island and machaga cave, Kuumbi cave, Mwanampambe cave etc.

In Pemba are Misali Island, mitondooni panza, banani, bandari kuu, msikiti wa bohara, kiliwa makoongwe etc.
• To collaborate with other development partners such as MACEMP and other stakeholders, providing and encourages education to societies in the importance of their donation to cultural heritage within country in general.

• In order to reach its responsibilities, the division of Antiquities work together with societies to protect and preserve historical sites especially most of the sites are in the rural area.
• Education provided helps to find small society groups dealing with conserve and protect the historical sites for the future development.
These groups are at the maruhubi, fukuchani, pete, bungi, kuumbi, chuini in Unguja. And in Pemba are ndagoni, ole mandani, chwaka tumbe, pujini, chambani, vitongoji mkomani and vitongoji kijumbani. These steps help by cleaning and maintenance all old buildings without destroy its natural and uniqueness for the future development such as Ruins of Maruhubi, Ngome Kongwe of Portuguies (Fukuchani), Chuini Ruins, Old Mosque at Kizimkazi etc.

• Societies benefits by employed themselves and increase their income that come from visitors entrance fee. These helps to appreciate cultural heritage resources and the treasure of the Nation.

1. Mahodhi ya Kidichi 1941
2. Magofu ya Washirazi – Tumbatu 1941
3. Msikiti wa Washirazi – Kizimkazi 1941
4. Magofu ya Fukuchani 1941
5. Nyumba za Wareno - Mvuleni 1941
6. Chemba ya Watumwa – Mangapwani 1941
7. Kasri ya Mwinyi Mkuu – Dunga 1941
8. Msikiti wa Washirazi – Msuka 1943
9. Msikiti wa Washirazi – Mkia wa Ng’ombe 1943
10. Nyumba ya Washirazi – Mkia wa Ng’ombe 1943
11. Msikiti wa Washirazi – Mduuni 1943
12. Nyumba ya Washirazi – Mduuni 1943
13. Msikiti wa Washirazi – Ndagoni, Ras Mkumbuu 1943
14. Msikiti na Gofu la Mazrui – Chwaka, Tumbe 1943
15. Nyumba ya Washirazi – Ras Mkumbuu 1943
16. Gofu la Washirazi – Pujini 1943
17. Msikiti wa Washirazi – Chwaka, Tumbe 1943
18. Nyumba ya Livingstone 1945
19. Kisima cha Washirazi – Kwahani 1946
20. Kasri ya Maruhubi 1957
21. Kasri ya Mtoni 1957
22. Kaburi na Ukuta wa Kale – Vitongoji 1957
23. Kanisa Kuu la Anglikana – Mkunazini 1979
24. Mahodhi ya Hamamni 1979
25. Kanisa la Anglikana - Mbweni 1979
26. Msikiti wa Bamnara – Malindi 1979
27. Ngome Kongwe 1979
28. Mabaki ya Kasri ya Sultani Said – Beit- Ras 1979
29. Eneo la Mji wa Kale - Unguja Ukuu 1986
30. Magofu ya Nyumba za Zamani – Kizimkazi 1986
31. Mahodhi na Eneo lake – Chwaka 1986
32. Mahodhi na Eneo lake – Kizimbani 1986
33. Magofu ya Nyumba ya Mfalme – Chuini 1986
34. Magofu ya Kiwanda cha Sukari – Chuini 1986
35. Magofu ya Nyumba ya Mfalme – Chukwani 1986
36. Eneo la Mji wa Kale, Shangani – Mkokotoni 1986
37. Makaburi ya Zamani na Eneo lake – Shakani 1986
38. Makaburi ya Kifalme – Forodhani 1986
39. Gofu la Msikiti Mkongwe – Kimeleani, Kisiwani Fundo 1986
40. Eneo la Mji wa Kale, KIsiwa cha Mtambwe Mkuu 1986
41. Gofu la Msikiti Mkongwe na Eneo lake – Kiungoni 1986
42. Magofu ya Mji wa zamani - Ole Mandani 1986
43. Gofu la Msikiti Mkongwe na Eneo lake – Shamiani (Kisiwa cha Kiweni) 1986
44. Magofu ya Mji wa Zamani – Jambangome 1986
45. Gofu la Msikiti Mkongwe – Mtangani 1986
46. Magofu ya Msikiti na Kaburi - Chambani Mjini 1986
47. Gofu la Ngome ya Wareno na Mizinga - Chake Chake 1986
48. Msikiti Mkongwe – Kiuyu 1986
49. Gofu la Msikiti Mkongwe – Kiwani 1986
50. Gofu la Nyumba ya Waarabu wa kabila la Miskiri – Finga 1986
51. Msikiti Mkongwe – Kojani 1986
52. Msikiti Mkongwe Micheweni – Shumba 1986
53. Msikiti Mkongwe – Wingwi 1986
54. Msikiti Mkongwe – Micheweni 1986
55. Eneo la Mtule – Kengeja 2002
56. Pango la Mwanampambe 2002
57. Magofu ya Bikhole na Eneo lake – Bungi 2002
58. Kisiwa cha Changuu 2002
59. Kisiwa cha Pwani 2002
60. Kisiwa cha Chumbe 2002
61. Nyumba ya Maajabu – Forodhani 2002
62. Pango la Machaga – Pete 2002
63. Pango la Mangapwani 2002
64. Mbweni St. Mary’s School 2002
65. Peace Memorial Museum – Mnazimmoja 2002
66. Pango la Kuumbi – Jambiani 2002
67. Mahandaki ya Mangapwani 2002
68. Kisiwa cha Misali – Misali 2002
69. Old Tumbe 2002
70. Mitondooni – Panza 2002
71. Nyumba wa Wageni – Chwaka 2002
72. Nyumba ya Balozi wa Kiingereza – Chwaka 2002
73. Mnara wa Ras Kigomasha 2002
74. Matumbi Makubwa – Makoongwe 2002
75. Banani – Wesha 2002
76. Eneo la kihistoria - Mjini Msuka 2002
77. Bandari Kuu – Chake Chake 2002
78. Msikiti wa Bohora - Chake Chake Mjini 2002
79. Msikiti wa Chake Chake Mjini 2002
80. Dongoni Mission - Wesha 2002
81. Kaliwa – Tumbe 2002
82. Makoongwe 2002
83. Msikiti na Makaburi – Kichokochwe 2002
84. Eneo la Shamiani – Mwambe 2002
85. Kimimba – Kijichame 2002

educatin explanation

The Museum Education Unit has following duties.
1. To organize, manage and offer tours to the visitors and students visiting to the museum and historical sites.
2. To give lectures or instructions to the visitors and learners attending the museums.
3. To assist and guide the researchers who are seeking information relating to Zanzibar history and culture.
4. To provide accurate required historical and Culture information to the researchers and learners for academic purpose.
5. To organize, supervise and take care of the museum exhibitions incorporation with other museum sections.
6. To conduct researches in order to collect valuable information for educational programs.
7. To motivate the people within and outside the country to visit and use our museums and historical sites for enjoyment, learning, leisure and rest.

To inspacte Zanzibar monuments and ruins , and looking for thedevolopment, challanges and advive the department what should be taken to make site in safe condition.
Also, another functions is to visit Zanzibar Historical sites and report as quik as possible in case there are the destruction ,
demage accident or illegal taking of Historical area or ruins



• The duties of documentation Unit: To register all artifacts most concerned with documentation and record keeping. This documentation includes information about an object's condition, its accession number or identification number and its status in the museum, provenance, materials, and all of its movement within the museum or out on loan. • • When an object arrives at the museum for the first time as a prospective addition to the collection, a registrar immediately begins the documentation and tracking process by assigning a temporary identification number and assembling records that include the object's condition, date of arrival, the reason for its arrival at the museum, and a photograph documenting its physical appearance. This information follows the object through the acquisition process, tracking its movements. If the museum decides to accept the object, the registrar will then update the record, assigning a permanent accession number to the object. • Loans: Objects are loaned between museums for a variety of reasons, typically for special exhibitions. As with acquisitions, the registrar assigns a temporary identification number to objects on loan to the museum, documents their condition, and creates a file to follow the object's movement while it is in the museum. Registrars are also present at the loading dock upon arrival to supervise the unloading, condition of packing material, and ensure that the objects are handled properly. In the case of outgoing loans, the registrar documents which objects are leaving the museum and either carries out or oversees their packing for shipment, and loading into the shipping vehicles.

The roles of Markerting, Publicity and Information Technology.
1 To undertaken all Publicity and Markerting activities. 2 To undertake , develop, and update the departmental website and any others information devices.
3 To create, plan ,propose and take necessary measure for the Department. 4 To link and corperate with departmental units and all tourism agencies inboosting mutual relationship.
5 To creat the awareness to the whole communities.
6 To organise TV's and Radio's programms. 7 To arrange domestic tourism tourisms trips to museums and Antiquities destination.
8 To organise and participate in exhibition.
9 To undertake regular advertisement through magazines, flyers, brochures, barners, posters, calendes, maps and any other means od media reacheable by the domestic and International communities.
10 To providing routing working and directive reports. 11 To prepare working and budget plan according to the requirement.

  • www.zanmuseum.go.tz
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